Data informs every aspect of decision-making. The flowchart below is a look at how data collection, asking questions, finding answers (not the answers you want, but discovering what the data says) informs everything from “What do our teachers value?” to “Why and how should we pilot a new program?” to “What professional development does our staff want and need?”
The Iceberg Model is an awesome visual and analogy that helps you visualize and uncover the underlying causes of the events we see (the portion of the iceberg above the surface).
The analogy works because there is always an unseen portion of an iceberg that lies below the surface and with events, there are values, structures, and patterns that lead to the event.
Once you uncover the underlying structures, you can start to leverage those to transform and design outcomes or prevent unwanted outcomes. You can use high value and high leverage concepts like the beliefs and values of your organization to create desired and positive outcomes.